The servicing of the site is proposed to take place fully within the site boundary to mitigate the impact of congestion levels on local streets surrounding the site. At present, the site is served by a single access adjacent to the railway bridge. It is proposed to reposition vehicle access once the site is cleared, further to the north. This has the effect of providing a buffer between the gardens that abut the site and the new buildings.
Permeability for pedestrians and cyclists plays a vital role in the design evolution of the proposals. Ultimately, pedestrians and cyclists will be able to access the site from West End Lane via the vehicular access and from the southern side of the site (via the public right of way).
There are two key components to the scheme – the commercial space at ground floor that fronts onto West End Lane and the residential above and to the east. For simplicity these two elements are kept separate, with the commercial unit being served by a stand-alone delivery bay and the residential served by a separate, smaller, bay at lower ground floor level.
Vehicles entering the site do so in a forward gear to the point where they are required to load/unload. This is either the commercial space or the refuse area at the Lower Ground Floor level. The access road and turning areas/loading bays will be designed to the standards set out in the DfT publications “Manual for Streets” and “Designing for Deliveries”.
As such, the internal road layout will be sufficiently proportioned to allow three-point vehicle manoeuvres into and out of the site. The proposed delivery bay will be designed to accommodate small articulated vehicles, lorries and refuse vehicles.
The commercial space will be designed to achieve a BREEAM “Excellent” target. In accordance with the London Plan and the Camden’s energy and sustainability policy requirements, the energy strategy for the proposed scheme will be developed in accordance with the following energy hierarchy:
1. Be Lean: use less energy
2. Be Clean: supply energy efficiently
3. Be Green: use renewable energy
The proposed energy strategy aims to achieve 35% CO2 reductions on-site in accordance with the London Plan and the Camden’s energy and sustainability policy requirements.
To meet the energy and sustainability policy requirements, it is proposed to significantly reduce the anticipated energy demand and the associated CO2 emissions by incorporating a range of passive design and energy efficiency measures throughout the site, including improved building fabric standards beyond the requirements of building regulations and energy efficient mechanical and electrical plant. Reducing the energy demand will not only help to reduce the CO2 emissions associated with the development but will also reduce energy bills of the residents.
Following the energy demand reduction, the energy strategy proposes implementation of a site-wide district heating network with a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system which would supply hot water and space heating for the development. This low carbon energy supply solution is fully compliant with the energy and sustainability policy requirements which would also help to further reduce the CO2 emissions associated with the scheme.
It is also proposed to incorporate photovoltaic (PV) technology into the design which would generate renewable electricity and could help to achieve the CO2 emissions reduction target for the site.